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Those of you who have worked with our donkeys, Whoopie and FloJo can attest to the benefits they provide, from early feedback about stress to a calming presence when you are stressed, and something to do to help you “ride the wave.”¬†

New Article Supporting Equine Therapy:  The study found a statistically significant association between HAT (Horse/equine Assisted Therapy) participation and time in treatment, and between HAT participation and completion of treatment. This association does not infer causality. However, it adds supporting evidence for the development of an innovative therapy, and warrants investment in further research in relation to its inclusion in substance use disorder treatment.   http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26466788?dopt=Abstract

Dogs, cats, birds and equines (horses and donkeys) are among the many animals useful for animal assisted therapy. Dogs provide unconditional acceptance and require the human to demonstrate consistency, patience and awareness during the training process. Simply petting a dog (or cat) has a relaxing effect on many people.

When caring for a therapy animal, humans are required to be dependable, accountable and put the animal’s welfare in the forefront of their mind. In substance abuse treatment, this structure and consistency is crucial to the early recovery process. Sometimes the only thing that can help a patient do the next right (stay clean and come to treatment) thing is their love for that animal. We also find that, once bonded to an animal, patients who have experienced neglect often become very protective of the animal, treating him or her the way the patient wishes he or she would have been treated.

Additionally, animals are very sensitive to our emotions, and provide excellent feedback to patients about when they are starting to express anger, anxiety or sadness.  When a person is focusing on their therapy animal, they are focusing less on themselves. When they express painful emotions, the therapy animal responds with comfort, not rejection. Some patients find it difficult to look a therapist in the eye and tell personal details about events or feelings. Those same people will often pour their heart out to an animal in the presence of a therapist.

At Snipes Counseling and Consulting, we believe in using a variety of approaches to help people identify what works best for them.¬† Below you can see some of our animals.¬† Currently we use ducks and chickens to help teach about motivation, reinforcers and discriminitive stimuli.¬† It is often easier to hypothesize why an animal does something than trying to figure out a human’s motivations.¬† These skills are later transferred to helping the patient identify his or her motivations, reinforcers and discriminitive stimuli.

We use our therapy dogs, and our donkey to help teach consistency, positive correction, patience and help patients develop self confidence.¬† Out therapy cats–well, they are cats, and can be used to help people respect others’ boundaries and not take being ignored personally.¬† A couple of our cats are lap-sitters and give patients something to pet in order to discharge their nervous energy while in session.

Our therapy animals come from shelters or rescue organizations and are trained in basic obedience.¬† The farm animals including Flo-Jo and Whoopie are permanent residents.¬† They were “breeder donkeys” and did not have a lot of human attention prior to coming to the farm.¬† Kara and Raina are our dogs and¬† are also permanent residents.¬† Once trained in basic obedience, many of our other dogs and cats are adopted out.¬† This allows us to continue to help animals, and always have a fresh group needing patience, consistency and a human who needs them.

 

   113 2007-07-11-19h04m09 _Snipes donkey-290x160

 

Research Articles Supporting the Efficacy of Animal Assisted Therapy

* Behavior of Exotic Pets. Tynes, Valarie V. (editor). Chichester, West Sussex, U.K.; Ames, Iowa: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010. xi, 234 p. : ill.; 28 cm.

Animal-Assisted Therapy, by Donald Altschiller. ISBN 9780313357206

Literature Review and Manual: Animal-Assisted Therapy, Unpublished Thesis, by Mary Louise Cole. 2009.

The Extraordinary Spirit Of Green Chimneys: Connecting Children And Animals To Create Hope, by Samuel B. Ross, Jr. ISBN 9781557535801

Healing Companions: Ordinary Dogs And Their Extraordinary Power To Transform Lives. Miller, Jane. ISBN 9781601630933

TAPfer: Therapeutische Arbeit mit dem Pferd (Therapeutic Work with Horses): A Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Psycho-Educational Riding/Vaulting for Children with Autistic Disorders; Final Report, by Pickartz, A., Schulz, M., Gultom-Happe, T. 2006.

101 Creative Ideas For Animal Assisted Therapy: Interventions For AAT Teams And Working Professionals, by Stacy Grover. ISBN 9780982575581

Handbook On Animal-Assisted Therapy: Theoretical Foundations And Guidelines For Practice. 3rd Ed. by Aubrey H Fine. ISBN 9780123814531

Animal Assisted Therapy in Counseling, by Cynthia K. Chandler

Canines in the Classroom, Raising Humane Children through Interactions with Animals, by Michelle A. Rivera A Gift to Share- The Story of Moritz, by Barry J. Schieber

Reading Education Assistance Dogs, A Program of Intermountain Therapy Animals (Available from Intermountain Therapy Animals)

Book Review: Freckles, The Mystery of the Little White Dog in the Desert, by Paul M. Howey.

Between Pets and People: The Importance of Animal Companionship by Alan M. Beck, et al. 1996.

Book Review: Happy Dog, How Busy People Care for Their Dogs, A Stress-Free Guide for All Dog Owners By Arden Moore & Lowell Ackerman, D.V.M. Forward by Marty Becker, D.V.M.

Book Review: Train Your Dog, Change Your Life: An Interactive Training Program for Individuals, Families and Their Dogs by Maureen Ross, M.A., N.C.C. and Gary Ross, M.E.

The Thinking Dog: Crossover to Clicker Training (Dogwise Training Manual; by Gail Fisher. 1998.

How to Teach Your Old Dog New Tricks by Ted Baer. 1991

On Target by Gary Wilkes. Video. 55 mins. 1993.

 

GENERAL

 

* Animal-Assisted Therapy for Persons with Disabilities Based on Canine Tail Language Interpretation Via Fuzzy Emotional Behavior Model. Phanwanich, Warangkhana; Kumdee, Orrawan; Ritthipravat, Panrasee; Wongsawat, Yodchanan. Conference proceedings … annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. 2011; 1133-1136.

* Finding An Ally: Can Dogs Help Therapists Promote Communication in Individuals with Profound Intellectual and Multiple Disabilities? Lima, Mariely; Silva, Karine; Amaral, Isabel; de Sousa, Liliana. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine. 2012 Jan; 18(1): 2-3.

* Animals Connecting People to People: Insights into Animal-Assisted Therapy and Animal-Assisted Activities. Schaffer, Caroline B. Reflections: Narratives of Professional Helping. 2009 winter; 15(1): 42-45.

* Animal kindness: Best Practices for the Animal-Assisted Therapy Practitioner. Winkle, Melissa Y.; Jackson, Liberty Z. OT Practice. 2012 Apr 9; 17(6): 10-14.

* Animal-Assisted Intervention‚ÄĒAnimals Helping Humans Heal. Baldwin, Kathleen M. Nursing Made Incredibly Easy. 2011 Nov-Dec; 9(6): 18-

* Psychosocial and Therapeutic Aspects of Human-Animal Interaction (Chapter 5). Johnson, Rebecca A. p.24-36, In: Rabinowitz, Peter M.; Conti, Lisa A. (editors). Human-animal medicine: clinical approaches to zoonoses, toxicants, and other shared health risks. Maryland Heights, MO: Saunders/Elsevier, c2010.

Animal-Assisted Therapy For Inpatients: Tapping The Unique Healing Power Of The Human-Animal Bond. Horowitz, Sala. Alternative and Complementary Therapies. 2010 Dec; 16 (6): 339-343.

Mainstreaming Animal-Assisted Therapy. Palley, Lori S.; O’Rourke, P. Pearl; Niemi, Steven M. ILAR Journal. 2010; 51(3): 199-207.

The Human-Canine Bond: New Learnings And A Changing Rationality From A Psychoanalytic Perspective. Gavriele-Gold, Joel. Psychoanalytic Review. 2011 Feb; 98(1): 91-105.

The Human-Companion Animal Bond: How Humans Benefit. Friedmann, Erika; Son, Heesook. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice. 2009 Mar; 39(2): 293-326

The Human-Animal Bond In Healthcare. Buettner, Linda; Gibson, Karen. Beginnings (American Holistic Nurses Assocation). 2009 Summer; 29(3): 6-8.

Paws For Thought: Involving Animals In Care. Heathcote, Julie. Nursing & Residential Care, 2010 Mar; 12(3):145-148.

A Look At The Ecotherapy Research Evidence. Chalquist, Craig. Ecopsychology. 2009 Jun; 1(2): 64-74.

Exploratory Study Of Stress-Buffering Response Patterns From Interaction With A Therapy Dog. Barker, Sandra B.; Knisely, Janet S.; McCain, Nancy L.; Schubert, Christine M.; Pandurangi, Anand K. Anthrozoös. 2010 Mar; 23: 79-91.

Ethical aspects related to involvement of animals in animal assisted therapy. Fejs√°kov√°, M.; Kottferov√°, J.; Marekov√°, J.; Jakuba, T; OndraŇ°ovińćov√°, O.; OndraŇ°ovińć, M. Folia Veterinaria. 2009; 53: 62-64.

Animal-assisted Therapy–A New Trend in the Treatment of Children and Adults. Dimitrijevińá, I. Psychiatria Danubina. 2009 Jun; 21(2): 236-241.

Unleash the Healing Power of Pet Therapy. McKenney, Charlotte; Johnson, Rebecca. American Nurse Today, 2008 May; 3(5): 29-31.

A Helping Paw: Animal-assisted Therapy. Animal Visitations Are Shown to Have Beneficial Effects On a Wide Range of Patients. Mullett, Steve. RN, 2008 Jul; 71(7): 39-44.

Behavioral Health Staff’s Perceptions of Pet-Assisted Therapy: An Exploratory Study
Attitudes and Perceptions of Nurses-In-Training and Psychiatry and Pediatric Residents Towards Animal-Assisted Interventions. Eaglin, Vanessa H. Hawaii Medical Journal, 2008 Feb; 67(2): 45-47.

The Analysis of Opinions of Staff Members Working in the Institutions About Visiting Activities of the Companion Animal Partnership Program. Masako Ando et al., Japanese Animal Hospital Association CAPP team, Kumamoto branch Across, Japan. Presentation from the 11th International Conference on Human-Animal Interactions, People & Animals: Partnership in Harmony, Tokyo, Japan, October 5-8, 2008

Physiological Arousal for Companion Dogs Working with Their Owners in Animal-Assisted Activities and Animal-Assisted Therapy. Haubenhofer, D. K., Kirchengast, S. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 9(2) 2006 Mar: 165-72.

Cortisol Concentrations in Saliva of Humans and Their Dogs in Intensive Training Courses in Animal-Assisted Therapy. Haubenhofer, D., Möstl, E., Kirchengast, S. Veterinary Medicine Austria РWiener Tierärztliche Monatsschrift, 92(3) 2006 Mar:66-73.

Measuring Stress and Immune Response in Healthcare Professionals Following Interaction with a Therapy Dog: A Pilot Study. S.B. Barker; J.S. Knisely; N.L; N.L. McCain: A.M. Best.

The Healing Power of Dogs: Cocoa’s Story . Cangelosi, P.R., Embrey, C.N. J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv. 2006 Jan; 44(1):17-20.

Frontal Midline Theta Activity As a Index of the Efficacy of Animal-Assisted Therapy in Cases of Math Anxiety. Brubaker, A.S., Lau, J.K., San Miguel, M.,Geisler, M.W. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 2004; 54:158-9.

The Therapeutic Nature of the Human/Animal Bond: Implications for Integrative Public Health. Benda, W. Integrative Medicine, 3(3) 2004 Jun/Jul: 26-30.

It’s All in the Planning. Reynolds, Alison. SCAS Journal, 2008 Summer; 20(2): 16-18.

‚ÄėIs Karl In?‚Äô Paws That Heal. Whittington, Anne E. American Journal of Nursing, 2008 Jul; 108(7): 31-34. Correspondence to Whittington, Health and Wellness Department, Naval Medical Center San Diego, 34800 Bob Wilson Drive, San Diego, CA, 92134-5000 USA; anne.whittington@med.navy.mil

Health Benefits of Animal-Assisted Interventions . Morrison, Michele L. Complementary Health Practice Review, 2007 Jan; 12(1): 51-62. Review article. Correspondence to Morrison; morrisonRN@hotmail.com

Dog Handlers’ and Dogs’ Emotional and Cortisol Secretion Responses Associated with Animal-Assisted Therapy Sessions. Haubenhofer, Dorit Karla; Kirchengast, Sylvia. Society & Animals, 2007; 15(2): 127-150.

ABUSE


Empowering Abused Women Through Equine Assisted Career Therapy
. Froeschle, Janet. Journal of Creativity in Mental Health. 2009 Apr-Jun; 4(2): 181-190.

Equine-Facilitated Psychotherapy with Adult Female Survivors of Abuse. Meinersmann, K. M. Bradberry, J., F. Bright. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services. 2008 Dec;46(12):36-42.

ALCOHOLISM / SUBSTANCE ABUSE

* Horse as Healer: Applying Equine Assisted Learning to Uncover and Strengthen the Spirit of First Nations Youth Who Abuse Solvents. Dell, Colleen Anne.; Chalmers, Darlene; Dell, Debra; Sauve, Ernie; MacKinnon, Tamara. Pimatisiwin: A Journal of Indigenous and Aboriginal Community Health. 2008; 6(1): 81-106

* A Healing Triangle: Clients Learn Much About Themselves Through Equine-Assisted Therapy. Jarrell, Nancy. Addiction Professional. 2009 Jan-Feb; 7(1): 15-20.

‚ÄúFor the Love of Horses‚ÄĚ: Establishing a Protocol for Women in a Therapeutic Community to Work with Rescued Horses. Mallow, Alissa; Mattel, Pamela; Broas, Lynda. Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions. 2011 Apr; 11(2): 205-208.

A Healing Space: The Experiences of First Nations and Inuit Youth with Equine-Assisted Learning (EAL). Dell, Colleen Anne; Chalmers, Darlene; Bresette, Nora; Swain, Sue; Rankin, Deb; Hopkins, Carol. Child & Youth Care Forum. 2011 Aug; 40(4): 319-336.

Dog-Assisted Therapy In Prison: Emotional Competences And Emotional Status Of Drug-Addicted Criminal Offenders. Burger, Eva; Stetina, Birgit U.; Turner, Karoline; McElheney, Julia; Handlos, Ursula. Journal of Veterinary Behavior. 2011 Jan-Feb; 6(1); 79-80.

A Case Study Using Animal-Assisted Therapy to Promote Abstinence in a Group of Individuals Who are Recovering from Chemical Addictions. Campbell-Begg, T., Journal of Addictions Nursing, 2000; 12(1): 31-35

AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER

* Effects of an Animal-Assisted Intervention for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Their Peers in a Classroom Setting. Marguerite O’Haire1, Virginia Slaughter1, Samantha McKenzie1, Sandra McCune2
1The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia. maggie.ohaire@gmail.com
2The WALTHAM Centre for Pet Nutrition, Leicestershire, UK.

* Applying the Model of Human Occupation to Hippotherapy. Smith, Caitlin. Hippotherapy. 2012 Winter: 12-14.

* Animal-Assisted Interventions as Innovative Tools for Mental Health. Cirulli, Francesca; Borgi, Marta; Berry, Alessandra; Francia, Nadia; Alleva, Enrico. Annali dell’Istituto Superiore di Sanità. 2011; 47(4): 341-348.

* Pilot Study Measuring the Effects of Therapeutic Horseback Riding on School-Age Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Gabriels, Robin L.; Agnew, John A.; Holt, Katherine D.; Shoffner, Amy; Zhaoxing, Pan; Ruzzano, Selga; Clayton, Gerald H.; Mesibov, Gary. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders. 2012 Apr-Jun; 6(2): 578-588.

* Prospective trial of Equine-Assisted Activities in Autism Spectrum Disorder. Kern, Janet K.; Fletcher, Charles L.; Garver, Carolyn R.; Mehta, Jyutika A.; Grannemann, Bruce D.; Knox, Kandice R.; Richardson, Theresia A.; Trivedi, Madhukar H. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine. 2011 May-Jun; 17(3): 14-20.

Motivational Change Over the Course of Hippotherapy:   An Exploratory Study of Three Children with Autism. Fan, Chia-Wen; Smith, Caitlin; Kielhofner, Gary; Taylor, Renee... Scientific and Educational Journal of Therapeutic Riding 2010; 53-61.

Can Dogs Prime Autistic Children for Therapy? Evidence From a Single Case Study. Silva, Karine; Correia, Rita; Lima, Mariely; Magalh√£es, Ana; de Sousa Liliana. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine. 2011 Jul; 17(7): 655-659.

What A Dog Can Do: Children With Autism And Therapy Dogs In Social Interaction. Solomon, Olga. Ethos. 2010 Mar; 38(1): 143-166.

The Effectiveness Of Simulated Developmental Horse-Riding Program In Children With Autism. Wuang, Yee-Pay; Wang, Chih-Chung; Huang, Mao-Hsiung; Su, Chwen-Yng. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly. 2010 Apr;27(2):113-26.

Guinea Pigs – The ‚ÄúSmall Great‚ÄĚ Therapist For Autistic Children, Or: Do Guinea Pigs Have Positive Effects On Autistic Child Social Behavior?¬†KrŇ°kov√°, Lucia; Talarovińćov√°, AlŇĺbeta; Olexov√°, Lucia. Society and Animals. 18(2); 2010: 139-151.

The Effects Of Equine Assisted Activities On The Social Functioning Of Children With Autism. Bass, Margaret M.; Llabre, Maria. 2010. (17 p.)

The Effect of Therapeutic Horseback Riding on Social Functioning in Children with Autism. Bass, M.M.; Duchowny, C.A.; Llabre, M.M. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 2009 Sep; 39(9): 1261-1267

Sentinels of Safety: Service Dogs Ensure Safety and Enhance Freedom and Well-Being for Families with Autistic Children. Burrows, Kristen E.; Adams, Cindy L.; Spiers, Jude. Qualitative Health Research, 18(12); 2008 Dec: 1642-1649.

Factors Affecting Behavior and Welfare of Service dogs for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Burrows, Kristen E; Adams, Cindy L; Millman, Suzanne T. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 2008 Jan-Mar; 11(1): 42-62.

The Effects of Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT) on the Interaction Abilities of Children with Autism. Cecilia Carenzi, Marcello M Galimberti, Debra D Buttram, Emanuela Prato Previde, Istituto di Psicologia, Universita’ degli Studi di Milano, Italy, 2AIUCA, Via IV Novembre, 26 ‚Äď Bosisio, Parini (LC), Italy. Istituto di Psicologia – Universita’ degli Studi di Milano. Presentation from the 11th International Conference on Human-Animal Interactions, People & Animals: Partnership in Harmony, Tokyo, Japan, October 5-8, 2008

A Speechless Child: Two Years and a Half of AAT Versus Autism. Renata Fossati, Antonella Taboni. Golden Heart Voluntary Association, Italy, Fossati Renata. Presentation from the 11th International Conference on Human-Animal Interactions, People & Animals: Partnership in Harmony, Tokyo, Japan, October 5-8, 2008

Canine Animal-Assisted Therapy Model for the Autistic Children in Taiwan. Ming-Lee Yeh, Department of Nursing, National Taipei College of Nursing, Taiwan. Presentation from the 11th International Conference on Human-Animal Interactions, People & Animals: Partnership in Harmony, Tokyo, Japan, October 5-8, 2008

Occupational Therapy Incorporating Animals for Children with Autism: A Pilot Investigation. Sams, M. J., Fortney, E. V., Willenbring, S. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 60(3) 2006 May/Jun:268-74

The Effect of Therapeutic Horseback Riding on Social Functioning in Children with Autism. Bass, M.M.; Duchowny ; Llabre: ; 39: 1261-1267

 

CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS

* Equine-Facilitated Psychotherapy for At-risk Adolescents: The Influence on Self-image, Self-Control and Trust. Bachi, Keren; Terkel, Joseph; Teichman, Meir. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 2012 Apr; 17(2): 298-312.

* Therapeutic Riding Enhances Quality of Life and State of Mind of Children and Juveniles with Different Psychiatric or Medical Disorders. Beetz, Andrea; Grebe, Verena. Mensch und Pferd International. 2012: Heft 2.

* The Impact of Hippotherapy on Grieving Children. Glazer, Hilda R.; Clark, Myra D.; Stein, David S. Journal of Hospice & Palliative Nursing. 2004 Jul-Sep; 6(3): 171-175.

* The Effect of therapeutic Horseback Riding on 5 Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Pilot Study. Cuypers, Koenraad; De Ridder, Karin; Strandheim, Arve. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 2011 Oct; 17(10): 901-908

* Donkey-Assisted Rehabilitation Program for Children: A Pilot Study. De Rose, Paola; Cannas, Elisabetta; Reinger Cantiello, Patrizia. Annali dell’Istituto Superiore di Sanità. 2011; 47(4): 391-396.

* The Benefits of Equine-Assisted Activities: An Exploratory Study. Holmes, Christian M. P.; Goodwin, Deborah; Redhead, Edward S.; Goymour, Katy L. Child & Adolescent Social Work Journal. 2012 Apr; 29(2): 111-122.

* An Arena for Success: Exploring Equine-Assisted Psychotherapy. Kakacek, Sandra L.; Ottens, Allen J. Michigan Journal of Counseling: Research, Theory and Practice. 2008; 35(1): 14-23.

* The Influence of Animals on the Development of Children. Endenburg, Nienke; van Lith, Hein A. Veterinary Journal. 2011 Nov; 190(2): 208-214.

Incorporating Animal-Assisted Interventions in Therapy with Boys at Risk (Chapter 5). Fine, Aubrey H.; Dennis, Avril Lindsay; Bowers, Christine. p.115-133, IN: Haen, Craig (editor). Engaging boys in treatment: creative approaches to the therapy process. (Routledge series on counseling and psychotherapy with boys and men; v.9). New York: Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group, c2011. xxii, 324 p.; 23 cm

The Impact Of Kynotherapy In Handicapped Children. Pawlik-Popielarska, Beata Maria. Acta Neuropsychologica. 2010 Jan-Mar; 8(1): 26-37.

Are Dogs Stimulant? Looking For Effective Sensory Inputs For Children With Intellectual And Multiple Disabilities. Lima, Mariely; Silva, Karine; Magalh√£es, Ana; Amaral, Isabel; de Sousa, Liliana. Journal of Veterinary Behavior. 2011 Jan-Feb; 6(1); 68-68.

Psycho-Educational Horseback Riding To Facilitate Communication Ability Of Children With Pervasive Developmental Disorders. Keino, Hiromi; Funahashi, Atsushi; Keino, Hiroomi; Miwa, Chihiro; Hosokawa, Masanori; Hayashi, Yoshihiro; Kawakita, Kenji. Journal of Equine Science. 2009 Dec; 20(4): 79-88.

A Qualitative And Quantitative Review Of Equine Facilitated Psychotherapy (EFP) With Children And Adolescents. Lentini, J.A.; Knox, Michele. Open Complementary Medicine Journal. 2009; 1: 51-57.

Queen Of The World’: Experiences Of ‘At-Risk’ Young People Participating In Equine-Assisted Learning/Therapy. Burgon, Hannah Louise. Journal of Social Work Practice. 2011; 25(2): 165-183.

How A Therapy Dog May Inspire Student Literacy Engagement In The Elementary Language Arts Classroom. Friesen, Lori. LEARNing Landscapes. 2009 Autumn; 3(1): 105-122.

Preschoolers Make Fewer Errors On An Object Categorization Task In The Presence Of A Dog. Gee, Nancy R.; Church, Meredith T.; Altobelli, Christie L. Anthrozoös. 2010 Sep; 23(3): 223-230.

Systematic Observation Of Social Competences: Video Analysis Of An Animal-Assisted Training With Children And Adolescents. Burger, E.; Stetina, B.U.; Sinabell, C.; Widmann, V.; Handlos ,U.; Kryspin-Exner, I. Psychology & Health. 209 Sep; 24, Supplement 1: 376-377.

The Use Of Animals As Co-Therapists On A Farm: The Child-Horse Bond In Person-Centered Equine-Assisted Psychotherapy. Chardonnens, Evelyne. Person-Centered and Experiential Psychotherapies. 2009 Winter; 8(4): 319-332.

Animal-Assisted Play Therapy For Children Suffering From Emotional Stress. Axelrad-Levy, Tamar. International Journal of Psychology. 2008 Jun-Aug; 43(3-4): 484-484.

The Effect Of Animal-Assisted Therapy On Stress Responses In Hospitalized Children. Tsai, Chia-Chun; Friedmann, Erika; Thomas, Sue A. Anthrozoös. 2010 Sep; 23(3): 245-258.

Preschool Children Require Fewer Instructional Prompts To Perform A Memory Task In The Presence Of A Dog. Gee, Nancy R.; Crist, Elise N.; Carr, Daniel N. Anthrozoös. 2010 Jun; 23(2): 173-184.

Exploring Animal-Assisted Programs With Children In School And Therapeutic Contexts. Friesen, Lori. Early Childhood Education Journal. 2010 Jan; 37(4): 261-267.

Preschoolers’ Adherence to Instructions as a Function of Presence of a Dog and Motor Skills Task. Gee, N.R.; Sherlock, T.R.; Bennett, E.A.; Harris, S.L. Anthrozo√∂s, 2009 Sep; 22(3): 267-276

Is Counseling Going to the Dogs? An Exploratory Study Related to the Inclusion of an Animal in Group Counseling with Adolescents. Lange, Amber M; Cox, Jane A.; Bernert, Donna J; Jenkins, Christie D. Journal of Creativity in Mental Health, 2(2) 2006: 17-31.

Helping Hounds: Does Animal assisted Therapy Improve the Rehabilitation Process? Martindale, Raschelle; Love, Sarah; Abbott, Julie, Bourke, Anne. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 2008 Apr; 50: Supplement 113: 12-13.

Cisco’s Kids: A Pet Assisted Therapy Behavioral Intervention Program. Cournoyer, Gary P; Uttley, Clarissa. Journal of Emotional Abuse, 2007; 7(3): 117-126.

Animal-Assisted Therapy with Children Suffering From Insecure Attachment Due to Abuse and Neglect: A Method to Lower the Risk of Intergenerational Transmission of Abuse? Parish-Plass, Nancy. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2008; 13(1): 7-30.

The Role of Therapy Dogs in Speed and Accuracy to Complete Motor Skills Tasks for Preschool Children. Gee, N. R., Harris S. L., Johnson, Kristina. Anthrozoos, 20 (4) 2007: 375-386.

Canine Visitation (Pet) Therapy: Pilot Data on Decrease in Child Pain Perception. Sobo, E. J., Eng, B., Kassity-Krich, N. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 24(1) 2006 Mar:51-7.

School-Based Social Training With and Without Dogs: Evaluation of Their Effectiveness. Tissen, I., Hergovich, A., Spiel, C., Anthrozoos, 20 (4) 2007: 365-373.

Social Effects of a Dog’s Presence on Children with Disabilities. Esteves, S. W., Stokes, T, Anthrozoos, 21 (1) 2008: 5-15.

What Are All These Dogs Doing at School?‚ÄĚ Using Therapy Dogs to Promote Children‚Äôs Reading Practice. Jalongo, M.R. Childhood Education, 2005 Spring; 81(3):152-8.

Elephant-Facilitated Psychotherapy ‚Äď A Clinical Evaluation. Swanepoel, H.C., Odendaal, J.S.J. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences, 2005; 3(1):205-9.

Equine-Facilitated Psychotherapy Benefits Students and Children. Roberts, F., Bradberry, J., Williams, C. Holist Nurs Pract. 2004 Jan-Feb; 18(1):32-5.

Influences of Hippotherapy on the Motor and Social-Emotional Behavior of Young Children with Disabilities. Rolandelli, P.S., Dunst, C.J. Bridges: Practice-Based Research Syntheses, 2003 Sep; 2(1):1-14.

Analysis of Child-Dog Play Behavior in Child Psychiatry. Prothmann, A., Albrecht, K., Dietrich, S., Hornfeck, U., Stieber, S., Ettrich, C. Anthrozoös. 2005; 18(1):43-58

Canine Visitors: The Influence of Therapy Dogs on Young Children’s Learning and Well-being in Classrooms and Hospitals. Jalongo. M.R., Astorino, T., Bomboy, N. Early Childhood Education Journal. Aug 2004; 32(1):9-16

Implementing a Hospital-Based Animal Therapy Program for Children with Cancer: A Descriptive Study. Gagnon, J., Bouchard, F., Landry, M., Belles-Isles, M., Fortier, M., Fillion, L. Can Oncol Nurs J. 2004 Fall; 14(4):217-22.

The Value of a Dog in a Classroom of Children with Severe Emotional Disorders.K. Anderson and M. Olson

Can a Week of Therapeutic Riding Make a Difference? РA Pilot Study. L. Kaiser, L. Spence, A. Lavergne and K. Vanden Bosch

Animal-Assisted Therapy with Children. D. Buttram

Assistance Dog Placement in the Pediatric Population: Benefits, Risks, and Recommendations for Future Application. B.W. Davis, K. Nattrass, S. O’Brien, G. Patronek, and M. MacCollin

The Proposed Benefits of Incorporating Non-Human Animals Into Preventative Efforts for Conduct Disorder. E. Gullone

 

CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES

* Measuring Benefits to Scottish Male Young Offenders in the First Prison-Based Dog Training Programme in the UK. Rebecca Leonardi, Hannah M. Buchanan-Smith, Gill McIvor, Sarah-Jane Vick. University of Stirling, Stirling, UK.

* The Frossarbo Therapeutic Model (FTM)‚ÄĒAn Experiment Within the Institutional Care System of Juvenile Delinquents in Sweden. Forsling, Sven. Scientific and Educational Journal of Therapeutic Riding. 2011; 25-35.

* Animal Programs in Prison: A Comprehensive Assessment. Furst, Gennifer. Boulder, Colo.: First Forum Press, 2011. vii, 179 p.

Human-Animal Bond:  Benefits of Animal-Assisted Interventions to Young Offenders. Jacob, Catherine. Veterinary Record. 2011 Jul 30; 169(5): 115-117

Dog-Assisted Intervention (MTI) With Mentally Disordered Prisoners: Enhancing Empathy ‚ÄstA Pilot Study. Turner, K.; Stetina, B. U.; E. Burger, E.; L.M. Glenk, L. M.; Kothgassner, O.D.; Handlos, U. Journal of Veterinary Behavior. 2011 Jan/Feb; 6(1): 97-97.

Dog-Assisted Therapy In Prison: Emotional Competences And Emotional Status Of Drug-Addicted Criminal Offenders. Burger, Eva; Stetina, Birgit U.; Turner, Karoline; McElheney, Julia; Handlos, Ursula. Journal of Veterinary Behavior. 2011 Jan-Feb; 6(1); 79-80.

Dog Welfare For The Conveyance Of Pro-Social Skills To Prison Populations. Linaza, I√Īaki; Muro, Cristina. Journal of Veterinary Behavior. 2011 Jan/Feb; 6(1): 93-94.

Animal-Assisted Therapy With Female Inmates With Mental Illness: A Case Example From A Pilot Program. Jasperson, Rachael A. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation. 2010; 49(6): 417-433.

Changes In Emotional Competences Of Drug Offenders During Dog-Assisted Group Training (MTI). Stetina, Birgit U.; Kuchta, Barbara; Gindl, Barbara, Lederman Maman, Tamara; Handlos, Ursula; Wedenich, Wolfgang; Kryspin-Exner, Ilse. Journal of Veterinary Behavior. 2009 Mar/Apr; 4(2): 99-100.

Effectiveness Of A Rehabilitation Dog In Fostering Gait Retraining For Adults With A Recent Stroke: A Multiple Single-Case Study. Rondeau, Lynda; Corriveau, H√©l√®ne; Bier, Nathalie; Camden, Chantal; Champagne, No√ęl; Dion, Chantale. NeuroRehabilitation. 2010 Jan 1; 27(2): 155-163.

Health Promotion With The Animal Assisted Training (MTI) For Drug Offenders. Stetina, B.U.; Gegenhuber, B.; McElheney, J.; Handlos, U.; Kuchta, B.; Gindl, B.; Werdenich, W.; Kryspin-Exner, I. Psychology & Health. 2009 Sep; 24 Supplement 1: 376-377.

Prisoner Rehabilitation: Learning Life Skills Through Animal-Assisted activities. SCAS Journal, 2007 Autumn; 19(3): 9-11.

Prison Pups: Assessing the Effects of Dog Training Programs in Correctional Facilities. Britton, D. M., Button, A. Journal of Family Social Work, 9(4) 2005:79-95.

Humanizing prisons with animals: a closer look at cell dogs and horse programs in correctional institutionss. Deaton, C. Journal of Correctional Education, 56(1) 2005 Mar: 46-62.

Without Words to Get in the Way: Symbolic Interaction in Prison-Based Animal Programs. Furst, G. Qualitative Sociology Review, 3(1) 2007 Apr:96-109.

Prison-Based Animal Programs: A National Survey. Furst, G. Prison Journal, 86(4) 2006 Dec: 407-30.

Human-Animal Interaction in a Prison Setting: Impact on Criminal Behavior, Treatment Progress, and Social Skills. Fournier, A. K., Geller, E S., Fortney, E. V. Behavior and Social Issues, 16(1) 2007 Spring-Summer: 89-105.

Psychosocial Impact of a Service Dog Training Program on Inmate Trainers. H. M. Suthers-McCabe, E. E. Van Voorhees and A. K. Fournier

The Cat Programme, An Animal-Assisted Therapy at Saxierriet Prison for Men: Its Effects and Results in a Correctional Establishment. M.A. Nadine Nef

 

CRISIS RESPONSE

* Honoring the dogs of 9/11. Tragedy highlights human-animal bond and quiet Heroism of Canine Search-and-Rescue Teams. Nolen, R. Scott. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 2011 Sep 15; 239(6): 704-708.

* Dogs Bringing Comfort in the Midst of a National Disaster. Graham, Louise B. Reflections: Narratives of Professional Helping. 2009 Winter; 15(1): 76-84.

EQUINE ASSISTED ACTIVITY / THERAPY (THERAPEUTIC RIDING)

* Three-Dimensional Analysis of Horse and Human Gaits in Therapeutic Riding. Uchiyama, Hidehiko; Ohtani, Nobuyo; Ohta, Mitsuaki. Applied Animal Behavior Science. 2011 Dec; 135(4): 271-276.

* Therapeutic Riding Followed by Rhythmic Auditory Stimulation to Improve Balance and Gait in a Subject with Orthopedic Pathologies. Ungermann, Cathryn M.; Gras, Laura Z. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 2011 Dec; 17(12): 1191-1195.

* Influence of Therapeutic Horseback Riding on Gait for a Participant with Friedreich’s Ataxia. Gilliland, Katherine J.; Knight, Adam C. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2011 May; 43(5) Supplement 1: 289-290.

* Incidents and Injury Within the Hippotherapy Milieu: Four Years of Safety Study Data on Risk, Risk Management, and Occurrences. Cook, Rebecca. Scientific and Educational Journal of Therapeutic Riding. 2011; 57-66.

* Effect of Equestrian Therapy and Onotherapy in Physical and Psycho-Social Performances of Adults with Intellectual Disability: A Preliminary study of Evaluation Tools Based on the ICF Classification. Boron, Nicoletta; Marinaro, Paola; Celestini, Silvia; Del Sole, Flavia; Magro, Rachele; Zoppi, Daniela; Mattei, Francesca; Dall’ Armi, Valentina; Mazzarella, Federica; Cesario, Alfredo; Bonassi, Stefano. Disability and Rehabilitation. 2012; 34(4): 279-287.

* The EAGALA Model of Equine Assisted Psychotherapy and Learning. Thomas, Lynn. Scientific and Educational Journal of Therapeutic Riding. 2011; 20-24.

* Development and Implementation of an Assessment Tool to Evaluate Hippotherapy programs. Ripley, Angela D.; Miller, Samantha A. Hippotherapy. 2012 Winter; 15-16.

* Harnessing the Power of Equine Assisted Counseling: Adding Animal Assisted Therapy to Your Practice. Trotter, Kay Sudekum (editor). New York: Brunner-Routledge, ©2012.

Why Children with Special Needs Feel Better with Hippotherapy Sessions:  A Conceptual Review. Granados, Anabel Corral; Agís, Inmaculada Fernández. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 2011 Mar; 17 (3): 191-197.

Measuring the Impact of Horses on Humans ‚Äď A Preliminary Study. Duff, Beth. ¬†Scientific and Educational Journal of Therapeutic Riding. 2010; 77-82.

Introduction of a Revised HEIM Scale for Evaluating the Psycho-Educational Horseback riding Program in Children with Pervasive Developmental Disorder. Keino, Hiromi; Kawakita, Kenji. Scientific and Educational Journal of Therapeutic Riding. 2010; 36-47.

Implications of the Literature on Equine-Assisted Activities for Use as a Complementary Intervention in Social Work Practice with Children and Adolescents. Smith-Osborne, Alexa; Selby, Alison. Child & Adolescent Social Work Journal. 2010 Aug; 27(4): 291-307.

Effects of Hippotherapy on Gait Parameters in Children with Bilateral Spastic Cerebral Palsy. Kwon, Jeong-Yi; Chang, Hyun Jung; Lee, Ji Young; Ha, Yumi; Lee, Peter K.; Kim, Yun-Hee. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2011 May; 92(5): 774-779.

Comparing the Pelvis Kinematics of Able-Bodied Children During Normal Gait and When Riding a Therapeutic Horse. Rigby, Brandon; Garner, Brian A.; Skurla, Carolyn P. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology. 2011 Jun; 33; Supplement: S104-S105.

Center-of-Pressure Movements During Equine-Assisted Activities. Clayton, Hilary M.; Kaiser, LeeAnn J.; de Pue, Bonnie; Kaiser, Lana. American Journal of Occupational Therapy. 2011 Mar-Apr; 65(2): 211-216.

Psycho-Educational Horseback Riding To Facilitate Communication Ability Of Children With Pervasive Developmental Disorders. Keino, Hiromi; Funahashi, Atsushi; Keino, Hiroomi; Miwa, Chihiro; Hosokawa, Masanori; Hayashi, Yoshihiro; Kawakita, Kenji. Journal of Equine Science. 2009 Dec; 20(4): 79-88.

A Qualitative And Quantitative Review Of Equine Facilitated Psychotherapy (EFP) With Children And Adolescents. Lentini, J.A.; Knox, Michele. Open Complementary Medicine Journal. 2009; 1: 51-57.

‘Queen Of The World’: Experiences Of ‘At-Risk’ Young People Participating In Equine-Assisted Learning/Therapy. Burgon, Hannah Louise. Journal of Social Work Practice. 2011; 25(2): 165-183.

Use Of Hippotherapy In Gait Training For Hemiparetic Post-Stroke. Beinotti, Fernanda; Correia, Nilzete; Christofoletti, Gustavo; Borges, Guilherme. Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria. 2010 Dec; 68(6): 908-913.

Why Children With Special Needs Feel Better With Hippotherapy Sessions: A Conceptual Review. Corral Granados, Anabel; Fernández Agís, Inmaculada. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 2011 Mar; 17 (3): 191-197.

Hippotherapy In Multiple Sclerosis РResults Of A Prospective, Controlled, Randomised And Single-Blind Trial. Boswell, S.; Gusowski, K.; Kaiser, A.; Flachenecker, P. Multiple Sclerosis. 2009 Sep; 15(9) Supplement 2: S264-S264.

Effects Of Hippotherapy On Gait Parameters In Children With Bilateral Spastic Cerebral Palsy. Kwon, Jeong-Yi; Chang, Hyun Jung; Lee, Ji Young; Ha, Yumi; Lee, Peter K.; Kim, Yun-Hee. Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 2011 May; 92(5): 774-9

Developing Coherent Leadership In Partnership With Horses‚ÄĒA New Approach To Leadership Training. Kaye Gehrke, Ellen. Journal of Research in Innovative Teaching. 2009 Mar; 2: 222-233.

The Effects Of A 5-Week Therapeutic Horseback Riding Program On Gross Motor Function In A Child With Cerebral Palsy: A Case Study. Drnach, Mark; O’Brien, Patricia A.; Kreger, Alison. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine. 2010 Sep; 16(9): 1003-1006.

Equine-Assisted Psychotherapy In Clinical Practice. Masini, Angela. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing & Mental Health Services. 2010 Oct; 48(10): 30-34.

Horses As Behavioral Facilitators In Patients With Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDS). Mazzone, L.; Morales, G. Revista de Neurologia. 2003 Mar 16-31; 36(6): 590-591.

Implications Of The Literature On Equine-Assisted Activities For Use As A Complementary Intervention In Social Work Practice With Children And Adolescents. Smith-Osborne, Alexa; Selby, Alison. Child & Adolescent Social Work Journal. 2010 Aug; 27(4): 291-307.

Improving Gross Motor Function And Postural Control With Hippotherapy In Children With Down Syndrome: Case Reports. Champagne, Danielle; Dugas, Claude. Physiotherapy Theory and Practice. 2010 Nov; 26(8): 564-571.

New Age Or Old Sage? A Review Of Equine Assisted Psychotherapy. Frewin, Karen; Gardiner, Brent. Australian Journal of Counselling Psychology. 2005; 6: 13-17.

Disabled Horse-Rider’s Experience Of Horse-Riding: A Phenomenological Analysis Of The Benefits Of Contact With Animals. Favali, Vanessa; Milton, Martin. Existential Analysis. 2010 Jul; 21(2): 251-262.

Does Hippotherapy Improve Balance In Persons With Multiple Sclerosis: A Systematic Review. Bronson, C.; Brewerton, K.; Ong, J.; Palanca, C.; Sullivan, S.J. European Journal of Physical Rehabilitation Medicine. 2010 Sep; 46(3): 347-53.

Study Of The Therapeutic Effects Of An Advanced Hippotherapy Simulator In Children With Cerebral Palsy: A Randomised Controlled Trial. Herrero, Pablo; Asensio, √Āngel; Garc√≠a, Elena; Marco, √Ālvaro; Oliv√°n, Barbara; Ibarz, Alejandro; G√≥mez-Trull√©n, Eva M.; Casas, Roberto. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders. 2010 Apr 16; 11: 71.

The Impact Of Hippotherapy In Gait Of Post-Stroke Individuals. Beinotti, F.; Correia, N.; Christofoletti, G.; Borges, G. Parkinsonism and Related Disorders. 16, 2010 Feb; Supplement 1: S63-S63.

Immediate Effects Of A Hippotherapy Session On Gait Parameters In Children With Spastic Cerebral Palsy. McGee, Margaret C.; Reese, Nancy B. Pediatric Physical Therapy. 2009 Summer; 21(2): 212-218.

Hippotherapy For Multiple Sclerosis РPilot Study Assessing Effects On Balance, Spasticity, Ability To Walk And Quality Of Life. Sager, Anja; Drache, Marion; Schaar, Bettina; Pöhlau, Dieter. Multiple Sclerosis. 2008 Sep; 14(1) Supplement 1: S151-S151.

The Effectiveness Of Simulated Developmental Horse-Riding Program In Children With Autism. Wuang, Yee-Pay; Wang, Chih-Chung; Huang, Mao-Hsiung; Su, Chwen-Yng. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly. 2010 Apr; 27(2): 113-126.

Changes In Trunk And Head Stability In Children With Cerebral Palsy After Hippotherapy: A Pilot Study. Shurtleff, Tim L.; Engsberg, Jack R. Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, 2010 May; 30(2): 150-163.

The Use of Hippotherapy to Support Function and Participation in Children with Disabilities. Liddiard, J. Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, 2008 Sep; 33(3): 281-281.

Immediate and Long-Term Effects of Hippotherapy on Symmetry of Adductor Muscle Activity and Functional Ability in Children with Spastic Cerebral Palsy. McGibbon, N.H.; Benda, W.; Duncan, B.R.; Silkwood-Sherer, D.. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2009 Jun; 90(6): 966-974.

Effects of Hippotherapy on People with Cerebral Palsy From the Users’ Perspective: A Qualitative Study. Debuse, D.; Gibb, C.; Chandler, C. Physiotherapy Theory and Practice. 2009 Apr; 25(3): 174-92.

Changes in Dynamic Trunk/Head Stability and Functional Reach After Hippotherapy. Shurtleff, T.L.; Standeven, J.W.; Engsberg, J.R. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2009 Jul; 90(7): 1185-1195

The Impact of the “Stirrup Some Fun” Therapeutic Horseback Riding Program: A Qualitative Investigation. Elliott, Steven; Funderburk, Janet A; Holland, James M. American Journal of Recreation Therapy, 7(2) 2008 Spring: 19-28.

Heart Rate Response to Therapeutic Riding in Children with Cerebral Palsy: An Exploratory Study. Dirienzo, Lauren N; Dirienzo, Lee T; Baceski [!], Deborah A. Pediatric Physical Therapy, 2007 Summer; 19(2): 160-165

The Effect of Hippotherapy on Functional Outcomes for Children with Disabilities: A Pilot Study. Murphy, Deirdra; Kahn-D’Angelo, Linda; Gleason, James. Pediatric Physical Therapy. 2008 Fall; 20(3): 264-270.

The Effect of Hippotherapy on Postural Control in Sitting for Children with Cerebral Palsy. Hamill, Darrell; Washington, Kathleen; White, Owen R. Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, 2007; 27(4): 23-42.

The Effectiveness of Equine-Assisted Experiential Therapy: Results of An Open Clinical Trial. Klontz, Bradley T; Bivens, Alex; Leinart, Deb; Klontz, Ted. Society & Animals, 2007; 15(3): 257-267.

Therapeutic Value of Equine-Human Bonding in Recovery from Trauma. Yorke, Jan; Adams, Cindy; Coady, Nick. Anthrozoös, 2008 Mar; 21(1): 17-30. Correspondence to Yorke, Georgian College, 825 Memorial Drive, Box 2316, Orillia, ON Canada L3V 6S2; jyorke@georgianc.on.ca

Effects of a Therapeutic Riding Program on At-Risk and Special Education Children. Kaiser, L., Heleski, C. R., Siegford, J., Smith, K. A. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 228 (1) 2006 Jan 1: 46-52.

Therapeutic Horseback Riding: Its Effects on Gait and Gross Motor Function in children with Cerebral Palsy. Low, S., Collins, G., Dhagat, C., Hanes, P., Adams, J., Fischbach, R. Scientific and Educational Journal of Therapeutic Riding, [no.11] 2005: 12-24.

Equine-Assisted Psychotherapy: A Mental Health Promotion/Intervention Modality for Children Who Have Experienced Intra-Family Violence. Schultz, P. N., Remick-Barlow, G. A., Robbins, L. Health and Social Care in the Community, 15(3) 2007 May: 265-71.

Effects of Hippotherapy on Postural Stability in Persons with Multiple Sclerosis: A Pilot Study. Silkwood-Sherer, D., Warmbier, H. Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT, 31(2) 2007 Jun: 77-84.

The Effect of Hippotherapy on Spasticity and on Mental Well-Being of Persons with Spinal Cord Injury. Lechner, H. E., Kakebeeke, T. H., Hegemann, D., Baumberger, M. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 88(10) 2007 Oct: 1241-8

Equine-Facilitated Learning for Youths with Severe Emotional Disorders: A Quantitative and Qualitative Study. Ewing, C. A., MacDonald, P. M., Taylor, M., Bowers, M. J. Child & Youth Care Forum, 36(1) 2007 Feb: 59-72.

Does Horseback Riding Therapy or Therapist-Directed Hippotherapy Rehabilitate Children with Cerebral Palsy? Sterba, J. A. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 49(1) 2007 Jan: 68-73.

Evaluation of Stress Response of Horses in Equine Assisted Therapy Programs. H. M. Suthers-McCabe and L. Albanao

 

FARM ANIMALS

* Animal-Assisted Therapy with Farm Animals for Persons with Psychiatric Disorders. Berget, Bente; Braastad, Bjarne O. Annali dell’Istituto di Superiore Sanità. 2011; 47(4): 384-390.

 

HOSPITAL

Animal-Assisted Therapy As an Adjunct to Employee Wellness in a Health Care Setting. Ingram, Cynthia; Puckett, Katherine L. AAOHN Journal. 2011 Jul; 59(7): 286-287.

Animal-Facilitated Therapy in Various Patient Populations: Systematic Literature Review. Matuszek, Sarah. Holistic Nursing Practice. 2010 Jul-Aug; 24(4):187-203.  Entire article available on Holistic Nursing Practice’s website

Animal-Assisted Therapy: Evaluation And Implementation Of A Complementary Therapy To Improve The Psychological And Physiological Health Of Critically Ill Patients. DeCourcey, Mary; Russell, Anne C.; Keister, Kathy J. Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing. 2010 Sep-Oct; 29(5): 211-214.

Dog-Assisted Intervention Significantly Reduces Anxiety In Hospitalized Patients With Major Depression. Hoffmann, Andreas O.M.; Lee, Ah Hyung; Wertenauer, Florian; Ricken, Roland; Jansen, Joanna J.; Gallinat, Juergen; Lang, Undine E. European Journal of Integrative Medicine. 2009; 1(3): 145-148.

Creating a Therapeutic and Healing Environment with a Pet Therapy Program. Coakley, A.B.; Mahoney, E.K. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice. 2009 Aug; 15(3): 141-146

Natural Activity: An Explorative Study of the Interplay Between Cage-Birds and Older People in a Swedish Hospital Setting. Falk, Hanna; Wijk, Helle. International Journal of Older People Nursing, 2008 Mar; 3(1): 22-28.

Animal-Assisted Therapy in Patients Hospitalized with Heart Failure. Cole, K. M., Gawlinski, A., Steers, N., Kotlerman, J. American Journal of Critical Care, 16(6) 2007 November: 575-588.

Animal-Assisted Activity at A. Meyer Children’s Hospital: A Pilot Study. Caprilli, Simona; Messeri, Andrea. Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine, 2006 Sep; 3(3): 379-83.

 

LONG TERM CARE

* Evaluation of Social Relationships in Elderly by Animal-Assisted Activity. Menna, Lucia Francesca; Fontanella, Marzia; Santaniello, Antonio; Ammendola, Eduardo; Travaglino, Maddalena; Mugnai, Francesca; Di Maggio, Annamaria; Fioretti, Alessandro. International Psychogeriatrics. 2012 Jun; 24(6): 1019-1020.

* Animal Programs and Animal Assisted Therapy in Illinois Long-Term Care Facilities Twenty Years Later (1990-2010). Behling, Robert J.; Haefner, James; Stowe, Michael. Academy of Health Care Management Journal. 2011; 7(2): 109-117.

* Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT) in the Nursing Home: Important Implications for Enhancing Quality of Life in Older People. Massavelli, Bronwyn. – International Psychogeriatrics. 2011 Sep; 23 Supplement 1: S270 S271.

Dog-Resident Interactions in a Japanese Retirement Home. Koda, Naoko; Yanai, Junkichi. Anthrozoös. 2011 Jun; 24(2): 155-165.

Effect Of Animal-Assisted Therapy On Engagement Of Rural Nursing Home Residents. Martindale, Brianne P. American Journal of Recreation Therapy. 2008 Fall; 7(4): 45-53.

A Comparison Of Animal-Assisted Therapy And Animal-Assisted Activities With Dogs In Swedish Residential Care. Nord, C. Gerontologist. 2010 Oct; 50: Supplement 1: 32-32.

Animals Connecting People to People: Insights Into Animal-Assisted Therapy and Animal-Assisted Activities. Schaffer, C. B. Reflections: Narratives of Professional Helping, 2009 Winter; 15(1): 42-45

Animal-Assisted Therapy as an Intervention with Older Adults. Dennis, J.L.; Allen, K. R. (2006)

Pet Encounters: Animal-assisted Therapy for Frail Older Adults. Buettner, Linda L. Activities Directors’ Quarterly for Alzheimer’s & Other Dementia Patients, 2008 Winter; 9(1): 29-45.

An Investigation of the Effects of Dog Visits on Depression, Mood, and Social Interaction in Elderly Individuals Living in a Nursing Home. Phelps, Kristin A; Miltenberger, Raymond G; Jens, Tess; Wadeson, Heather. Behavioral Interventions, 2008 Jul; 23(3): 181-200.

Animal-Assisted Therapy and Loneliness in Nursing Homes: Use of Robotic Versus Living dogs. Banks, Marian R; Willoughby, Lisa M; Banks, William A. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 2008 Mar; 9(3): 173-177. Correspondence to William A Banks, 915 N Grand Boulevard, St. Louis, MO 63106.

The Effects of Animal-Assisted Therapy on Loneliness in an Elderly Population in Long-Term Care Facilities. Banks, MR, Banks, WA, Journal of Gerontology, 2002, 57(7):28-32.Nursing Service, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, St. Louis, Missouri 63106, USA. bankswa@slu.edu

Observable Effects of Animal-Assisted Therapy Using Dogs. Hjaltadóttir, I., Pétursdóttir, A. B., Saemundsdóttir, G., Vikingsdóttir, G. L., Atladóttir, I. International Psychogeriatrics, 15 Supplement.2, 2003: 283-4.

Long-Term Evaluation of Animal-Assisted Therapy for Institutionalized Elderly People: A Preliminary Result. Kawamura, N., Niiyama, M., Niiyama, H. Psychogeriatrics, 7(1) 2007 Mar: 8-13.

Pet therapy and Institutionalized Elderly: A Study on 144 Cognitively Unimpaired Subjects. Colombo, G., Dello Buono, M., Smania, K., Raviola, R., De Leo, D. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 42(2) 2006 Mar-Apr: 207-16.

The Effects of Group and Individual Animal-Assisted Therapy on Loneliness in Residents of Long-Term Care Facilities. M. Banks and W. Banks

LOSS


Love and Loss: Ellie and Oscar A Case Study Highlighting Implications of Attachment and Loss Within Animal Assisted Therapy Programs
. Susan Elisa Dawson Blue Cross/SCAS Pet Bereavement Support Service, Society for Companion Animal Studies/Blue Cross, United Kingdom. Presentation from the 11th International Conference on Human-Animal Interactions, People & Animals: Partnership in Harmony, Tokyo, Japan, October 5-8, 2008

MENTAL DISABILITIES

* The Occupation of Pet Ownership as an Enabler of Community Integration in Serious Mental Illness: A Single Exploratory Case Study. Zimolag, Ulrika (Uli); Krupa, Terry. Occupational Therapy in Mental Health. 2010 Apr-Jun; 26(2): 176-196.

* The HEAL Model of Equine-Facilitated Psychotherapy and Learning. Shambo, Leigh. Scientific and Educational Journal of Therapeutic Riding. 2011; 36-46.

* Effects of a Supported Program for Horseback Riding on Inpatients Diagnosed with Schizophrenia: A Qualitative Exploratory Study. Corring, Deborah J.; Johnston, Megan E.; Rudnick, Abraham. American Journal of Recreation Therapy. 2010; 9(3): 41-46.

* The Dog’s Role in the Analyst’s Consulting Room. Glucksman, Myron L. Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis and Dynamic Psychiatry. 2005 Winter; 33(4): 611-618.

* Non Conventional Psychiatric Rehabilitation in Schizophrenia Using Therapeutic Riding: the FISE Multicentre Pindar Project. Cerino, Stefania; Cirulli, Francesca; Chiarotti, Flavia; Seripa, Stefano. Annali dell’Istituto Superiore di Sanità. 2011; 47(4): 409-414.

* Pet in the Therapy Room: An Attachment Perspective on Animal-Assisted Therapy. Zilcha-Mano, Sigal; Mikulincer, Mario; Shaver, Phillip R. Attachment & Human Development. 2011 Nov; 13(6): 541-561.

Pet Therapy in Elderly Patients with Mental Illness. Moretti, Francesca; De Ronchi, Diana; Bernabei, Virginia; Marchetti, Lucia; Ferrari, Barbara; Forlani, Claudia; Negretti, Francesca; Sacchetti, Cleta; Atti, Anna Rita. Psychogeriatrics. 2011 Jun; 11(2): 125-129.

Horsepower Helps: Evaluation of Horse-Assisted Psychotherapeutic Treatment with Severely Traumatized Inpatients ‚Äď A Pilot Study. Thelle, Mona I. Scientific and Educational Journal of Therapeutic Riding. 2010; 25-35.

Farm Animal-Assisted Intervention: Relationship Between Work and Contact with Farm Animals and Change in Depression, anxiety, and self-efficacy among persons with clinical depression. Pedersen, Ingeborg; Nordaunet, Trine; Martinsen, Egil Wilhelm; Berget, Bente; Braastad, Bjarne O. Issues in Mental Health Nursing. 2011 Jun; 32(8): 493-500.

Animal-Assisted Therapy Applied To Persons With Mental Disabilities. Rodrigo Claverol, M.D.; Sarmiento Cruz, M.; Ortega Bravo, M.; Rodrigo Claverol, E.; Capdevila Andreu, M.; Vilanova-Gotarda, L.; Real-Gatius, J. Swiss Medical Weekly. 2009 Aug 22; 139 Supplementum 175: 117S-117S.

MILITARY MEDICINE

* Canine-Assisted Therapy in Military Medicine. Policy Initiatives for the Use of Canines in Army Medicine. Watkins, Kathleen L. United States Army Medical Department Journal. 2012 Apr-Jun: 8-11.

* Training the Combat and Operational Stress Control Dog: An Innovative Modality for Behavioral Health. Krol, William. United States Army Medical Department Journal. 2012 Apr-Jun: 46-50.

* Historical Perspectives of the Human-Animal Bond Within the Department of Defense. Chumley, Perry R. United States Army Medical Department Journal. 2012 Apr-Jun: 18-20

* The Effects of Animal-Assisted Therapy on Wounded Warriors in an Occupational Therapy Life Skills Program. Beck, Christine E.; Gonzales, Florie, Jr.; Haertlein Sells, Carol; Jones, Cynthia; Reer, Theresa.; Wasilewski, Steven; Zhu, Yao Yao. United States Army Medical Department Journal. 2012 Apr-Jun: 38-45.

* Dogs and Human Health/Mental health: from the Pleasure of Their Company to the benefits of their assistance. Shubert, Jan. United States Army Medical Department Journal. 2012 Apr-Jun: 21-29.

* Definitions of Animals Used in Healthcare Settings. Mills, James F. United States Army Medical Department Journal. 2012 Apr-Jun: 12-17.T., 3rd; Yeager Arthur

* Crossing the Berm: An Occupational Therapist’s Perspective on Animal-Assisted Therapy in a Deployed Environment. Gregg, Brian T. United States Army Medical Department Journal. 2012 Apr-Jun: 55-56.

* Canine-Assisted Therapy in Military Medicine. The Early Years. Ritchie, Elspeth C.; Amaker, Robinette J. United States Army Medical Department Journal. 2012 Apr-Jun: 5-7.

* Occupational Therapists As Dog Handlers: The Collective experience with animal-assisted therapy in Iraq. Fike, Lorie; Najera, Cecilia; Dougherty, David. United States Army Medical Department Journal. 2012 Apr-Jun: 51-54.

* Reclaiming Identity Through Service to Dogs in Need. Alers, Ellen V.; Simpson, Kevin M. United States Army Medical Department Journal. 2012 Apr-Jun: 70-73.

* Rehabilitative Canine Interactions at the Walter Reed National Military Medical Center. Yeager, Arthur F.; Irwin, Jennifer. United States Army Medical Department Journal. 2012 Apr-Jun: 57-60. Occupational Therapy, Reynolds Army Community Hospital, Fort Sill, OK, USA.

* Research on Benefits of Canine-Assisted Therapy for Adults in Nonmilitary Settings. Knisely, Janet S.; Barker, Sandra B.; Barker, Randolph T. United States Army Medical Department Journal. 2012 Apr-Jun: 30-37.

OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY


Resident and Therapist Views of Animal-Assisted Therapy: Implications for Occupational Therapy Practice
. Velde, B.P., Cipriani, J., Fisher, G. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal. 2005 Mar; 52(1):43-50

PAIN MANAGEMENT

* Animal-Assisted Therapy at an Outpatient Pain Management Clinic. Marcus, Dawn A.; Bernstein, Cheryl D.; Constantin, Janet M.; Kunkel, Frank A.; Breuer, Paula; Hanlon, Raymond B. Pain Medicine. 2012 Jan; 13(1): 45-57.

 

POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER (PTSD)

* Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: A Case Report‚ÄĒAnimal Assisted Therapy. Eggiman, Janet. Topics in Advanced Practice Nursing eJournal. 2006; 6(3).

Equine-assisted therapy. MacLean, Barbara. Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development. 2011; 48(7): ix-xii.

Animal-Assisted Prolonged Exposure: A Treatment For Survivors Of Sexual Assault Suffering Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Lefkowitz, Carin; Paharia, Indira; Prout, Maurice; Debiak, Dennis, Bleiberg, James. Society & Animals. 2005; 23(4): 275-295.

Bringing Dogs To Heal. Thompson, Mark. Time. 2010 Nov 22; 176(21): 54-57.

 

PSYCHIATRIC FACILITIES

* Comfort Through Crisis: One Dog’s Work at a Psychiatric Hospital. Prullage, Beth. Reflections: Narratives of Professional Helping. 2009 Winter; 15(1): 46-51.

* Animal-Assisted Therapy for Persons with Psychiatric Disorders: Effects on Self-Efficacy, Coping Ability and Quality of Life, a Randomized Controlled Trial. Berget, Bente; Ekeberg, √ėivind; Pedersen, Ingeborg; Braastad, Bjarne O. Occupational Therapy in Mental Health. 2011; 27(2): 50-64.

Australian Psychologists’ Knowledge of and Attitudes Towards Animal-Assisted Therapy.
Black, Anne Francis; Chur-Hansen, Anna; Winefield, Helen Russell. Clinical Psychologist. 2011 Jul; 15(2): 69-77.

Animal-Assisted Interventions for Psychiatric Patients: Beliefs in Treatment Effects Among Practitioners. Berget, Bente; Grepperud, Sverre. European Journal of Integrative Medicine. 2011 Jun; 3(2): e91-e96.

The Effect Of Animal-Assisted Activity On Inpatients With Schizophrenia. Chu, Cheng-I; Liu, Chao-Yin; Sun, Chi-Tzu; Lin, Jung. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing & Mental Health Services, 2009 Dec; 47(12): 42-48.

Matching Animal-Assisted Therapy Techniques And Intentions With Counseling Guiding Theories. Chandler, Cynthia K.; Portrie-Bethke, Torey L.; Minton, Casey A. Barrio; Fernando, Delini M.; O’Callaghan, Dana M. Journal of Mental Health Counseling. 2010 Oct; 32(4): 354-374.

Reduced Anxiety During Dog Assisted Interviews In Acute Schizophrenic Patients. Lang, Undine E.; Jansen, Joanna B.; Wertenauer, Florian; Gallinat, Juergen; Rapp, Michael A. European Journal of Integrative Medicine. 2010 Sep; 2(3): 123-127.

Use Of Animal-Assisted Therapy With Psychiatric Patients: A Literature Review. Rossetti, Jeanette; King, Camille. Journal of psychosocial nursing and mental health services. 2010 Nov; 48(11): 44-48.

Attitudes to Animal-Assisted Therapy with Farm Animals Among Health Staff and Farmers. Berget, B; Ekeberg, √ė; Braastad, B O. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 2008 Sep; 15(7): 5765-5781.

Use of Animal-Assisted Therapy in the Rehabilitation of an Assault Victim with a Concurrent Mood Disorder. Sockalingam, Sanjeev; Li, Madeline; Krishnadev, Upasana; Hanson, Keith; Balaban, Kayli; Pacione, Laura R; Bhalerao, Shree. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 2008; 29(1): 73-84.

Animal-Assisted Therapy with Farm Animals for Persons with Psychiatric Disorders: Effects on Self-Efficacy, Coping Ability and Quality of Life, A Randomized Controlled Trial. Berget, Bente; Ekeberg, √ėivind; Braastad, Bjarne O. Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health, 2008 Apr 11; 4(9)

The Use of Animal-Assisted Therapy in Psychiatric Nursing: The Story of Timmy and Buddy. Niksa, E. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing & Mental Health Services, 45(6) 2007 Jun:56-8.

Effects of Equine Facilitated Psychotherapy on Client Discharge Status. Turner, J. J. Scientific and Educational Journal of Therapeutic Riding, [no.11] 2005:31-9.

An Exploratory Study of the Effect of Animal-Assisted Therapy on Nonverbal Communication in Three Schizophrenic Patients. Kovács, Z., Bulucz, J., Kis, R., Simon, L. Anthrozoös, 19(4) 2006:353-64.

Animal-Assisted Therapy for Middle-Aged Schizophrenic Patients Living in a Social Institution. A Pilot Study. Kovacs, Z., Kis, R., Rozsa, S., Rozsa, L. Clin Rehabil. 2004 Aug; 18(5):483-6.

Pet Companionship and Depression: Results from a United States Internet Sample. R. B. Tower and M. Nokota

Effect of Aquariums on Electroconvulsive Therapy Patients. S. Barker, K. Rasmussen and A. Best

Case Studies of Adults Receiving Horse-Riding Therapy. H. Burgon, Department of Social Work, University of Exeter, UK Anthrozoos, 16 (3), 2003: 262-76

Interaction of Psychologically Disturbed Children with a Therapy Dog. A. Prothmann, S. Stieber, U. Hornfeck, S. Dietrich, K. Albrecht and C. Ettrich.

 

REHABILITATION


Animal-Assisted Interventions in Internal and Rehabilitation Medicine: A Review of the Recent Literature
. Mu√Īoz Lasa, S.; Ferriero, G.; Brigatti, E.; Valero, R.; Franchignoni, F. Panminerva Medica. 2011 Jun; 53(2): 129-136.

Effectiveness Of A Rehabilitation Dog In Fostering Gait Retraining For Adults With A Recent Stroke: A Multiple Single-Case Study. Rondeau, Lynda; Corriveau, H√©l√®ne; Bier, Nathalie; Camden, Chantal; Champagne, No√ęl; Dion, Chantale. NeuroRehabilitation. 2010 Jan 1; 27(2): 155-163.

Use Of Hippotherapy In Gait Training For Hemiparetic Post-Stroke. Beinotti, Fernanda; Correia, Nilzete; Christofoletti, Gustavo; Borges, Guilherme. Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria. 2010 Dec; 68(6): 908-913.

Using AAT within Brain Injury Rehabilitation: Does It Enhance Social Communication and Participation? Ruth C. Townsend et al., Speech Pathology Service, Royal Talbot Rehabilitation Centre (part of Austin Health), Australia, Deakin University, Royal Talbot Rehabilitation Centre, Delta Society Australia. Presentation from the 11th International Conference on Human-Animal Interactions, People & Animals: Partnership in Harmony, Tokyo, Japan, October 5-8, 2008

Measuring Clinical Outcomes of Animal-Assisted Therapy: Impact on Resident Medication Usage. Lust, E., Ryan-Haddad, A., Coover, K., Snell, J. Consultant Pharmacist, 22(7) 2007 Jul: 580-5.

 

 

SCHOOLS

* Socio-Emotional Effects of a Dog in the Classroom. Andrea Beetz1, 2
1University of Erlangen, Erlangen, Germany.
2University of Rostock, Rostock, Germany.

* Quantifying the Impact of Incorporating Therapy Dogs in an Afterschool Program: A Comparison of Net Change in Reading Fluency. Jennifer Emmert1, Sue Gonzales2
1The San Francisco SPCA, San Francisco, CA, USA. jemmert@sfspca.org
2E.R. Taylor Elementary School, San Francisco, CA, USA.

* Studying for Exams Just Got More Relaxing‚ÄĒAnimal-Assisted Activities at the University of Connecticut Library. Reynolds, Jo Ann; Rabschutz, Laurel. College & Undergraduate Libraries. 2011 Oct; 18(4): 359-367.

Conceptual Framework for Animal -Assisted Therapy. Geist, Tracy S. Child & Adolescent Social Work Journal. 2011 Jun; 28(3): 243-256.Kids, Dogs, and the Occupation of Literacy. Scott, Keri; Haseman, Jean; Hammetter, Rona OT Practice, 2005 Feb 21; 10(3): 16-20.

Active Open Learner Models as Animal Companions: Motivating Children to Learn Through Interacting with My-Pet and Our-Pet. Chen, Zhi-Hong; Chou, Chih-Yueh; Deng, Yi-Chan; Chan, Tak-Wai. International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, 2007; 17(2): 145-167.

R.E.A.D. Is a Pawsitive Program for Kids of All Ages. Originally published in Interactions, Vol. 19, No. 3, 2001. By Sandi Martin

 

TRAUMA

A Pilot Study on Equine Facilitated Psychotherapy for Trauma-Related Disorders. Shambo, Leigh; Seeley, Susan K.; Vonderfecht, Heather R. Scientific and Educational Journal of Therapeutic Riding. 2010; 11-23.

Integrating Animals in Psychotherapy: The Dog as Co-Therapist in the Hypnotherapeutic Treatment of Trauma‚ÄĒA Case Report. Mende, Eva-Maria; Mende, Matthias. Contemporary Hypnosis & Integrative Therapy. 2011; 28(1): 8-16.

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